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THE SILENT KILLERS!!!

Hey boo, I hope this post meet you well?

I don’t know if there has been situation where you hear about the death of someone ( not necessarily a close relative) and you started asking what killed them??? yes, I have been in this situation severally and I kept o wondering, what killed them? Alas! the silent killer(s).

WHAT ARE THE  SILENT KILLERS?

Silent killers are the diseases that exist but are not obvious until they have done some damages.They are characterized by subtle symptoms that often go undetected or unnoticed. If too much time passes without treating the disease, it may cause serious complications or sometimes death.

Chances are high that people may be living with such dangerous diseases without knowing it.

There is only one cure and that is early detection which is usually through self examination or routine medical check up!

  1. HIGH BLOOD PRESSURE-  it is also known as HYPERTENSION , it is a common disease in which blood flows through blood vessels (arteries) at higher than normal pressure. Normal blood pressure for adults is defined as a systolic pressure below 120mmHg and a diastolic pressure below 80mmHg. Abnormal increases in blood pressure are defined as having blood pressures higher than 120/80 mmHg. one out of every 3 adults, have high blood pressure.High blood pressure is usually associated with stress, smoking, high salt intake, anxiety, excessive drinking, and leading a sedentary lifestyle.Other factors that contribute include obesity, genetic factors, use of birth control pills or pain relievers, kidney disease and adrenal disease.Usually, high blood pressure does not present noticeable symptoms. In some cases, it may cause headaches, shortness of breath or nosebleeds, but these symptoms occur when the blood pressure reading is extremely high.

    If ignored, high blood pressure may lead to heart disease or even strokes. The only way to identify it is to regularly measure your blood pressure, either on your own at home or by an health practitioner. If you find the numbers are too high, consult your health care provider.

  2. DIABETES-a disease in which the body’s ability to produce or respond to the hormone insulin is impaired, resulting in abnormal metabolism of carbohydrates and elevated levels of glucose in the blood. the cause o diabetes has not been identified. However, factors like  genetics, obesity, a poor diet and lack of exercise appear to play important roles in developing this disease

According to the International Diabetes Federation, an estimated 387 million people             worldwide have diabetes and 1 in 2 people do not even know that they have it.

Some common symptoms include excessive thirst, hunger, sudden weight loss,                 frequent urination, tiredness, slow-healing sores or cuts, and blurry vision. An                  uncontrolled diabetes may result in serious complications such as  heart disease,                     kidney disease, limb amputation, strokes, and vision loss.  If you have any of the                      symptoms mentioned earlier, please get your blood sugar level checked.

3. HEPATITIS-It  refers to an inflammatory condition of the liver and is a viral infection that affects thousands of people globally. Different hepatotropic viruses cause different types of this disease, including hepatitis A, B, C, D and E.

Hepatitis A and E are caused by eating contaminated food or drinking contaminated water. Hepatitis B, C and D are contracted through transfusions of contaminated blood, sexual contact and during childbirth. Hepatitis can also be caused by excessive alcohol consumption and autoimmune diseases.

The virus may be present in the body for several years without causing any symptoms. However, it may cause symptoms like fatigue, muscle aches, jaundice, pale stools, low-grade fever, vomiting and diarrhea. If you have any of these symptoms, consult your doctor for a simple blood test or liver biopsy to check for hepatitis. If you are at a high risk of hepatitis, ask your doctor about getting a hepatitis vaccination.

4. CORONARY ARTERY  DISEASE (CAD)-It is a common heart disease caused by plaque(fats) buildup in the walls of your arteries. Too much plaque buildup narrows the arteries over time, which could partially or totally block the blood flow throughout your body. Over a period of time, CAD can also weaken your heart muscle, leading to heart failure.

Major risk factors for CAD include obesity or being overweight, a family history of heart disease, a poor diet, smoking and lack of physical activity.

As CAD does not cause any immediate signs and symptoms, it can go unnoticed until you have a heart attack. Opt for regular health checkups for timely diagnosis.

Eat a diet low in sodium and fat, avoid smoking, exercise regularly and take medications after consulting your doctor to reduce your risk of CAD or other heart conditions.

5.FATTY LIVER DISEASE- It is a condition in which the liver has difficulty breaking down fats, which causes a buildup in the liver tissue. There are two types of fatty liver disease– alcoholic liver disease and nonalcoholic fatty liver disease.

Alcoholic liver disease is caused by excessive alcohol consumption. The exact cause of nonalcoholic disease, is not known yet.

It usually runs in families. Fatty liver is described as when more than 10 percent of the liver is fat and the impaired liver functioning has occurred in someone who drinks little or no alcohol.

During the initial stage, fatty liver disease usually does not cause any noticeable symptoms, rather the disease is harmless at this stage.

Overtime, the fat that accumulates in the liver causes inflammation. This leads to a more serious form of the disease.

You may experience dull or aching pain in the top right of your abdomen as well as fatigue, loss of appetite and a general feeling of being unwell if you have a fatty liver.

Risk factors include high cholesterol, obesity, polycystic ovary syndrome, sleep apnea, Type 2 diabetes, underactive thyroid and underactive pituitary gland.

If you suspect you have a problem in your liver, consult your doctor. A simple blood test or ultrasound can help diagnose this problem at an early stage.

6. OSTEOPOROSIS- It is a disease that leads to bone deterioration, making them thin, hard and liable to break easily. It is also a “silent disease” that often has no symptoms in the early stages.Thus, the early stages of osteoporosis are difficult to detect and diagnose. On top of that, this disease can strike at any age.Often, the first sign is a painful bone fracture. A few signs of osteoporosis are loss of height over time, back pain, a stooped posture and bone fractures that occur even due to a minor fall.

Risk factors include being female, post-menopausal, other risk factors include family history, poor diet, lack of exercise, smoking, certain medications, and a small-boned frame.

If you are at risk for osteoporosis, consult your doctor . To prevent osteoporosis, you should do regular exercise, eat healthy foods (especially calcium and vitamin D-rich foods), limit alcohol consumption and avoid smoking.

7.COLON CANCER- It is also a common silent killer. It is the third most common cancer in the U.S., with thousands of people diagnosed each year.

A tumor in the rectum or colon rarely develops overnight. It often starts as a small growth known as a polyp. Most of these polyps are noncancerous, but when ignored or left untreated, some of them can turn cancerous after a few years.

Early detection and removal of cancerous cells in the colon can cure the cancer in 90 percent of cases. But the key is to have colorectal screenings done at regular intervals to detect polyps and get them removed.

Although colon cancer won’t give you early warning signs, if you notice more constipation, diarrhea, blood in your stool, unusual gas or abdominal pain, low blood count, unexplained weight loss, vomiting and fatigue, get a simple checkup done to address the cause of the problem and potentially save your life.

8. NONMELANOMA SKIN CANCER– It  develops slowly in the upper layers of your skin due to over exposure to ultraviolet  rays or over exposure to sun or sources of indoor tanning, such as tanning beds and sunlamps. A family history of this cancer, pale skin that burns easily, and a large number of moles or freckles may increase your risk. Men and people over 40 years of age are at even higher risk.

Usually a red lump or scaly patch on your skin that doesn’t heal even after a few weeks is the first sign of nonmelanoma skin cancer.Consult your doctor if you see any skin abnormality that hasn’t healed after four weeks. The specialist may perform a biopsy to confirm whether it’s cancerous.

You should avoid overexposure to UV light, sunlamps and tanning beds, use a sunscreen, limit going out in sun during peak hours, and get regular checkups of your skin to reduce your risk of nonmelanoma skin cancer.

9. CHAGAS DISEASE –  also known as American trypanosomiasis, is a parasitic disease affecting 10 million people worldwide. It is caused when bitten by a bug known as the ‘kissing’ bug that carries the parasite Trypanosoma cruzi.

In the initial stage of this disease, there are usually no symptoms even though a high number of parasites are circulating in your blood.

In less than 50 percent of the people, the first visible signs are a sore (where the parasite has entered the body), eyelid swelling (if the parasite has entered through the eye), fever, fatigue, body aches, headaches, swollen glands, loss of appetite, nausea, and vomiting.When the disease becomes chronic, it causes severe cardiovascular and gastrointestinal problems that can even lead to death.

If you have symptoms of Chagas disease, consult your doctor. A simple blood test can confirm the presence of the deadly bugs and timely treatment can save your life.

10. CERVICAL CANCER-According to the World Health Organization, cervical cancer is the fourth most common cancer and cause of cancer mortality in women, especially in developing countries.

This cancer occurs in the cells of the cervix( part of the female reproductive organ), and usually causes no symptoms during its early stages. If not diagnosed on time, the cancer soon spreads to the bladder, liver, intestines or lungs. At later stages, one may experience pelvic pain or vaginal bleeding.

Cervical cancer is caused by human papillomavirus (HPV), which spreads through sexual contact. In most cases, a women’s natural immune system is able to fight this infection. But certain types of HPV may lead to cervical cancer.

Women who smoke, have multiple sex partners, have many children, are overweight, use birth control pills for a long period or are infected with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) are at more prone to developing cervical cancer.

Usually normal cells in the cervix take several years to turn into cancer cells. So, if you experience even mild symptoms, consult your doctor about getting a Pap smear test. It is very effective in screening for cervical cancer.

 

Little things count, don’t ignore that mild pain, that sudden swelling, dizziness, headaches, discoloration or bleeding , see your health care provider without delay…

NOTHING IN LIFE IS PRECIOUS THAN LIFE ITSELF…

Stay healthy at all times…

have a great weekend!!!

With love from Adenike Oladimeji

 

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THE EVIL CALLED CANCER

Hello sweeties,

Happy new month and I hope your January was a good start?

It was world cancer day on 4th of February (Saturday), I hope few of us got screened ? like females should check for ( breast or cervical cancer et all) and males ( prostate cancer , lungs etc).

According to WHO (World Health Organisation), Cancer is the second leading cause of death globally, and was responsible for 8.8 million deaths in 2015. Globally, nearly 1 in 6 deaths is due to cancer.

What is Cancer?

In a simple term, Cancer is a disease caused by an uncontrolled division/ growth of abnormal cells in a part of the body leading to increase cell mass with a potential to invade normal cells and metastasize to other distant cells/organs.

Cancers exist in different types according to the cell affected or the organs affected. The symptoms of cancer depends on the area affected but few of the symptoms can include:

  • Persistent, unexplained fevers or night sweats
  • Persistent, unexplained muscle or joint pain
  • Persistent indigestion or discomfort after eating
  • Hoarseness
  • Difficulty swallowing
  • Persistent cough or trouble breathing
  • Changes in bowel or bladder habits
  • Skin changes, such as yellowing, darkening or redness of the skin, sores that won’t heal, or changes to existing moles
  • Weight changes, including unintended loss or gain
  • Lump or area of thickening that can be felt under the skin
  • Fatigue
  • Unexplained bleeding or bruising .

if you notice any of the above symptom you need to see your healthcare provider immediately ( no procrastination).

According to WHO, Cancer arises from the transformation of normal cells into tumor cells in a multistage process that generally progresses from a pre-cancerous lesion to a malignant tumor. These changes are the result of the interaction between a person’s genetic factors and 3 categories of external agents, including:

  • physical carcinogens, such as ultraviolet and ionizing radiation;
  • chemical carcinogens, such as asbestos, components of tobacco smoke, aflatoxin (a food contaminant), and arsenic (a drinking water contaminant); and
  • biological carcinogens, such as infections from certain viruses, bacteria, or parasites.

Ageing is another fundamental factor for the development of cancer. The incidence of cancer rises dramatically with age.

There are other things that can put one at the risk of developing cancer, some of the risk factors includes:

  • AGE: Cancer is more common in older adults though it can be diagnosed at any age.
  • LIFESTYLE: such as diet, smoking, drinking (excessively), obesity, excessive exposure to sun, unsafe sex habit etc
  • FAMILY HISTORY: Some cancers are hereditary i.e if there has been an occurrence in the family ( maybe parents), the genes can be passed on to the next generation
  • ENVIRONMENT: in case you are staying in an area where there is a constant release of harmful chemical substances, living with with a smoker, or working in an industry such as asbestos and benzene.

even though  there is nothing you can do to prevent an hereditary   cancer, an early detection will go a long way in the treatment of cancer.

Between 30–50% of cancers can currently be prevented. This can be accomplished by avoiding risk factors and implementing existing evidence-based prevention strategies. The cancer burden can also be reduced through early detection of cancer and management. Many cancers have a high chance of cure if diagnosed early and treated adequately.

To further read on this topic please click here , if you are yet to visit the health center for screening please do.

We were not meant to die young, He said ” There shall nothing cast their young, nor be barren, in thy land: the number of thy days I will fulfill. EXODUS 23::26″

God is doing His part in keeping us, let us also make deliberate decisions to stay healthy as much as we can!!!

Please read, contribute and share, someone needs the information.

lots of love

Adenike Oladimeji

 

 

SHE IS A NURSE

Hey guys, hope you are good? I’ve been good.
Today, I’d be replying these questions I received after my last post.
The questions: “are you really a nurse? And I hope you are not as promiscuous as other nurses?”
My answer: YES, I AM A REGISTERED NURSE and I AM NOT PROMISCUOUS…

i am a nurse
i am a nurse

I’ve heard it couple of times that nurses are this and that, so I am going to be correcting some of our wrong perception about Nurses.
Anyone can be proud or a prostitute, irrespective of who you are or the profession you belong to. A banker/lawyer/engineer etc. can be a prostitute, it’s not about the profession, and it’s about the PERSON…who she is before she became a nurse!
Oh yeah, we were taught the anatomy of the male and female reproductive system, we were taught the preventive methods to avoid unwanted pregnancy but then that’s not a reason to be promiscuous! As a matter of fact in Nigeria today a girl/woman that has never being to any school of nursing knows a lot about the preventions even more than the professionals…
And yes, we go on night duty but how is that related to being promiscuous? I have been on night duty with just a doctor on call and we went about our businesses, we aren’t idle as you think, meanwhile, he is married while I’m single but that doesn’t give room for any sexual acts! Oh am I saying something like that will/has not happen between a nurse and a doctor? No, but that should only tell you that, that kind of person will lie to her husband she is going somewhere and she will go and meet concubine… it is not the profession, it’s the PERSON! Stop tagging NURSING! STOP TAGGING ALL NURSES, TAG THE PERSON! She is HERSELF before she became a nurse!
I am a nurse, but I am EXCEPTIONAL!!!
Real men marry nurses… we make good and supportive wives, caring mothers, great in-laws and loving friends!
Next time you hear a man saying that nurses are promiscuous, tell him/her that it’s not the profession, it is the person!!!
Nurse are great,
Nurses are caring,
We care for the total man!
Nurses care for patients but who cares about Nigerian Nurses?

Nurse Oladimeji
Nurse Oladimeji

Nurse Oladimeji